The Tomatis® Method for ear training for singers is a decades proven and unique, powerful approach of sound sensory training. Sound is transmitted, on the one hand, by bone conduction caused by a vibration in the skeleton and the upper part of the cranium, and on the other hand, by air conduction passing through the ear. The sounds we use in our devices (called TalksUp®) have been preliminarily adapted with the Tomatis® effect, and thus train the entire inner ear, including the aspects that affect both auditory and motor functions. The sound initiates first in the tympanic area, and then via bone conduction, triggering a reflex that both engages and relaxes the two muscles known as the stirrup and hammer muscles. This effect is obtained by means of a perceptual sound contrast (a two-fold alternation of timbre and intensity) intended to “surprise” and thus train the ear. It is essentially exercising these muscles that control the ability to listening well.
As an effect of the vibration caused by the sounds, these muscles will in turn stimulate the aspects of the inner ear known as the cochlea and the vestibule. The cochlea is lined with tiny cells called hair cells, whose purpose is to convert this vibration into electrical stimuli. These stimuli will then feed a vast neural network known as the reticular formation, which controls the overall level of cerebral activity. In other words, the cochlea and vestibule energize the brain; we say that it has a function of “cortical charging.”
Moreover, the vestibule informs the brain of the tiniest bodily movements and therefore has an effect on rhythm and balance. The coherence of the message that it transmits is thus fundamental. The ear must therefore be effectively stimulated.
IMPROVEMENT OF THE SINGING VOICE AND THE SPEAKING VOICE
The improvement of the speaking and singing voice can be considered as an historical leap in the application of the Tomatis method.
It was when practicing in occupational medicine that Doctor Tomatis came to make the discoveries which now bear his name and which concern the links between phonation (speech production) and hearing. He demonstrated that it was possible to correct either one of these essential functions.
Tomatis’s principles can be stated as follows:
1.The voice only contains what the ear can hear, or to put it differently, ‘the larynx only emits the harmonics which the ear can hear’.
2. If the hearing is modified, the voice is immediately and unconsciously modified permanently.
For Tomatis, a quality vocal emission not only requires good listening to the acoustic message coming from the outside, but also and especially good self-listening, that is to say the ability to use one’s own voice as the sound source to be analyzed and controlled in terms of accuracy, intensity and quality.
This self-listening is possible, provided that the perceived sound vibration is correctly regulated through bone conduction, the transmission of sound by all the bones in the body and in particular by the skull. Bone conduction occurs 10 times faster than conduction of sound through air. This is significant.
This bone regulation itself depends on the harmonious functioning of two muscles situated in the middle ear, whose role is to control and absorb all of the vibrations transmitted to the inner ear.
The purpose of audio vocal re-education under the electronic ear (TalksUp device) is precisely to implement a mechanism of quality self-control.
Thus, depending on the vocal problem being dealt with, the action of this procedure can focus on:
• The lack or loss of the desire or ability to sing
• Difficulty speaking or singing without feeling a need to force or push the voice
• The lack of verbal fluidity
• The lack of accuracy and precision
• The lack of or the imbalance of timbre, giving rise to voices which are too dull, too high-pitched or too nasal
• The lack of expressivity in the voice, due to an absence of modulation or intonation • The lack of vocal resonance that comes from using the least about of breath to get maximum effect
Tomatis: Audio Psycho-Phonology?
The term “Audio-Psycho-Phonology” implies that psychological factors mediate between (a) the acoustic waves that the ear receives and decodes, and (b) phonation and speech.
There is an important distinction between hearing and listening: Hearing means that the ear passively receives the acoustic signal regardless of whether the person is awake or asleep. Listening or “active, or determined, selective listening” means that the ear is able to focus its auditory attention and to select to listen to only those sounds that interest the individual, from the variety of environmental sounds that reach it. For example, a musician who choses to listen to he melody line verses the rhythm section of a musical piece of the singer who choses to sing the harmony rather than the melody line of a piece of music.
The Tomatis method was developed by Alfred Tomatis (1920-2001), a French otorhinolaryngologist. Alfred Tomatis devoted a considerable part of his career to the study of the relationship between the ear and the voice, and by extension, between listening and communication. The term “Audio-Psycho-Phonology” was introduced by professor Tomatis, who developed a system of auditory stimulation designed to improve the function of the ear as an organ of listening, understanding and communication.
Professor Tomatis’ discoveries were validated at the physiology laboratory at the Sorbonne and were presented to the Academy of Sciences and Academy of Medicine in Paris in 1957 and 1960. The papers he presented defined the “Tomatis laws”, stated as follows:
- The voice contains only what the ear hears.
- If you change hearing, the voice is immediately and unconsciously modified.
- It is possible to durably transform phonation by sustained auditory stimulation for a specific period of time (law of “remanence” or persistence).
Certified Level 2 Practitioner of the Tomatis® Method: I offer the Tomatis® Listening Assessment which is a sophisticated analysis of your bone and air condition and a number of other parameters that provide a picture of how your ear in interacting with your voice production.